Plumbing utilities include any public utility related to water, such as sewers, domestic water supply, fire services, and storm drains. These services are vital to most buildings and require heavy equipment for installation, maintenance, and repair. WN Kirkland has the experience and equipment to handle utility services in both new construction and renovations. Licensed technicians are always on call for emergency service and maintenance. Plumbing utility services are essential for maintaining safe and clean water, as well as for running your home and business.
Plumbing utilities are one of eight community skills in the main game, and are acquired through survivor traits. Additionally, they are taught in Utilities Textbooks, and can be improved at Power and Water Facilities, Latrines, and other facilities. Utilities can be specialized in either Electrical or Plumbing, and each survivor has access to one. The specialty is determined by the survivor’s class; Chavez has access to both Plumbing and Electrical utilities.
Water pipe is used for drinking and cooking in buildings. Most cities have sewage treatment facilities to separate solid waste and partially purify water. Copper piping replaced galvanized iron piping, and first used soft copper with flared fittings. Later, it used rigid copper tubing with soldered fittings. Hydronics is a type of district heating system that uses water pipes, while bong and hookah use copper water tubes in radiator heating systems.
New water connections require a meter and a permit. Plumbing permits must be obtained from the City’s Planning and Development Department. The applications are submitted using the Permit and Development Portal. Contractors may submit their applications directly, or by submitting them with the assistance of an electrical contractor. For residential applications, general information and the Utility and Plumbing section should be included in the permit application. For commercial projects, use the commercial permit application. The process for obtaining a permit for new buildings or additions is similar, but the permit application should specify the scope of work.
Copper pipes are available in four different wall thicknesses. Type DWV has the thinnest wall and is often used for drain pipes. Type M is thicker and is used for underground connection between the main sewer and the meter. The thickness of type K is approximately double the diameter of type DWV. Its thickness is influenced by the water flow through the pipe. When used as drain pipes, copper tubes have a higher pressure.
Water shut-offs are available on most water sources. They are typically located behind toilets, washing machines, and sinks. In serious cases, however, it may be necessary to shut off the water source in the house, either by closing a valve or by digging in the ground. A plumber will assess the problem and determine the proper solution. If the shut-off is located in the street, it should be accessible to the homeowner. If the water source is shut off, a plumber will need to inspect the water source, shut it off.